Yokoso! Japan - 通訳ガイド的日本再発見

海外から日本に来る外国人観光客の方々に、通訳ガイドの視点から、日本の良さを伝えたい…日頃見慣れた風景もあらためて見れば新鮮に映る、そんな視点で日本を再発見し、通訳ガイドの方もすぐ活用できるように、英語で紹介します。

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ホイサムジャイ

Author:ホイサムジャイ
放浪癖あり(笑)。好きなTV番組は「モヤモヤさまぁ~ず」「ちい散歩」「タモリ倶楽部」「ぶらり途中下車の旅」などなど。。。良く言えば「自由人」、悪く言えば「鉄砲玉」(←出たら戻って来んのかい!)

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さて続きましては、ニッポンが世界に誇る「庭園」へ。
すぐ近くにある「山本亭」におじゃまします^^

shibamata19_yamamototei01.jpg

ココ「山本亭」は、アメリカの日本庭園専門誌「ジャーナル・オブ・ジャパニーズ・ガーデニング」が実施した日本庭園ランキング調査で、2004年~2007年の4年連続で3位にランクされた、日本を代表する庭園の1つなんです。

では中へと。。。おお~、やっぱりココは外国人のお客様の方が多いんですねっ w(゜o゜)w

shibamata20_yamamototei02.jpg

・・・和風と洋風が混在してますっ!(驚)
で、中はというと。。。んんんっ、艶やかな雰囲気っすね~(^_^)

shibamata21_yamamototei03.jpg

この「山本亭」、建物は木造2階建て(1階120坪、2階15坪、地下防空壕、土蔵、長屋門)で、庭園は270坪で縁先の近くには池泉を、背後には緑濃い植え込みと築山を設けて滝を落とすという典型的な書院庭園だそうです。

昭和初期における庭園様式を現在まで残しためずらしいパターンで、同様の例としては、旧安田邸や徳富邸がある位ですねっ!

ではその隣の「洋風」な建物の中も、のぞいてみましょう!

shibamata22_yamamototei04.jpg

・・・暗いっス(T-T)

では、本題の庭園・・・はぜひご自分の目で確かめて、感動してください!
このあたりで、いつものやつを、やっときましょうかね~。。。
本日は「日本庭園」について。

Japanese gardens, that is, gardens in traditional Japanese style, can be found at private homes, in neighborhood or city parks, and at historical landmarks such as Buddhist temples, Shinto shrines and old castles.

Some of the Japanese gardens most famous in the West, and within Japan as well, are dry gardens or rock gardens, karesansui. The tradition of the Tea masters has produced highly refined Japanese gardens of quite another style, evoking rural simplicity. In Japanese culture, garden-making is a high art, intimately related to the linked arts of calligraphy and ink painting. Since the end of the 19th century, Japanese gardens have also been adapted to Western settings.

Japanese gardens were developed under the influences of the distinctive and stylized Chinese gardens. One of the great interest for the historical development of the Japanese garden, bonseki, bonsai and related arts is the c. 1300 Zen monk Kokan Shiren and his rhymeprose essay Rhymeprose on a Miniature Landscape Garden.

・・・と、こんな感じでしょうか。
ついでに、代表的なものにもいくつか触れておきましょう!

Karesansui Gardens
Karesansui Gardens or "dry landscape” gardens were influenced mainly by Zen Buddhism and can be found at Zen temples of meditation. Unlike other traditional gardens, there is no water present in Karesansui gardens. However, there is raked gravel or sand that simulates the feeling of water. The rocks/gravel used are chosen for their artistic shapes, and mosses as well as small shrubs are used to further garnish the Karesansui style. All in all, the rocks and moss are used to represent ponds, islands, boats, seas, rivers, and mountains in an abstract way. - Example: Ryouan-ji, temple in Kyoto, has a garden famous for representing this style. Daisen-in, created in 1513, is also particularly renowned.

Tsukiyama Gardens
Tsukiyama Gardens often copy famous landscapes from China or Japan, and they commonly strive to make a smaller garden appear more spacious. This is accomplished by utilizing shrubs to block views of surrounding buildings, and the garden's structure usually tries to make onlookers focus on nearby mountains in the distance. By doing this, it seems that the garden has the mountains as part of its grounds. Ponds, streams, hills, stones, trees, flowers, bridges, and paths are also used frequently in this style.

Chaniwa Gardens
Chaniwa Gardens are built for holding tea ceremonies. There is usually a tea house where the ceremonies occur, and the styles of both the hut and garden are based on the simple concepts of the sado. Usually, there are stepping stones leading to the tea house, stone lanterns, and stone basins (tsukubai) where guests purify themselves before a ceremony.

Furthermore, Japanese gardens might also fall into one of these styles:

Kanshoh-style gardens which are viewed from a residence.
Pond gardens, for viewing from a boat.
Strolling gardens (kaiyuu-shiki), for viewing a sequence of effects from a path which circumnavigates the garden. The 17th-century Katsura garden in Kyoto is a famous exemplar.
Other gardens also use similar rocks for decoration, some of which come from distant parts of Japan. In addition, bamboos and related plants, evergreens including Japanese black pine, and such deciduous trees as maples grow above a carpet of ferns and mosses.

ですねっと。

いやはや、流石にランクインするだけのことはあって、この庭はホント、時間をかけて丁寧に作られていますね~。。。

・・・そう、「にわか作り」じゃありませんっ!(←今回のオチはランクインしないだろうな~・T-T)
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