Yokoso! Japan - 通訳ガイド的日本再発見

海外から日本に来る外国人観光客の方々に、通訳ガイドの視点から、日本の良さを伝えたい…日頃見慣れた風景もあらためて見れば新鮮に映る、そんな視点で日本を再発見し、通訳ガイドの方もすぐ活用できるように、英語で紹介します。

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ホイサムジャイ

Author:ホイサムジャイ
放浪癖あり(笑)。好きなTV番組は「モヤモヤさまぁ~ず」「ちい散歩」「タモリ倶楽部」「ぶらり途中下車の旅」などなど。。。良く言えば「自由人」、悪く言えば「鉄砲玉」(←出たら戻って来んのかい!)

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亀戸という町にやっと慣れてきたみたいで。。。(笑)
思ったより色々な見所がある場所なんですね~。

binbougami01.jpg

で、期せずして天神様にも出くわしたもんで、他に神様なんていないっすかね^^

・・・いた!w(゜0゜)w

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び・・・貧乏神!????
しかも神社って(笑)

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あ~なるほど、「貧乏神と縁を切る」神社なんですねっ!
こりゃぁ有難いっス。。。なんせ長年の腐れ縁なんで(←自分の浪費癖のせいでしょ!・笑)

何か面白いカタチ。。。

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はずれた宝くじや馬券って。。。ていうか、ゲゲゲの鬼太郎の「妖怪ポスト」みたいですね(笑)
あ、そいでもってコチラが本堂ですか~。

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ワタシ個人的には、このテイストの方がホッとしますね^^

ではこのあたりで、いつものやつを。
本日はまさかの「貧乏神」で、いってみましょう!(笑)

A binbougami (God of poverty) is a kami who inhabits a human or his house to bring misery and poverty. Several Japanese folklores, essays, and rakugos refer to it.

Generally, binbougami appears with a skinny, dirty old man's shape, with an uchiwa in his hand. Binbougami likes lazy people.

Toen Shousetsu(兎園小説), mystery stories written by Kyokutei Bakin, includes a story of kyuuki (窮鬼). In 1821, there was a bushi house with ever-present misery. Once, the man who served the house went to Souka and came across a bonze. The man asked him where he came from. The bonze replied he came from the house where the man belonged. The man said that he had never seen the bonze before. "I'm binbougami," the bonze answered, "and that's why so many people in the house caught illness. That house has got enough misery, so I shall go to another house. Your master will have better luck hereafter." and the bonze disappeared. Just as the bonze said, people in the house got better luck gradually.

Being kami, nobody can kill binbougami. But it is not impossible to avoid. Superstition in Niigata Prefecture says how: If you light irori on oomisoka, irori's heat kicks binbougami out and invites fukunokami (God of good luck), who likes the warmth of irori. There are many other superstitions which connect binbougami with irori, including that in Tsushima, Ehime Prefecture: If an irori is lighted too repeatedly, binbougami appears.

Tankai(譚海), an essay collection by Souan Tsumura, includes a story about binbougami: During a nap, a man dreamed of a ragged old man coming inside the room. Thereafter, everything the man did went the wrong way. Four years later, in a dream, the old man appeared again. The old man said that he was going to leave the house and told the man how to send a binbougami away: Make some baked rice and baked miso, and place them on oshiki (wooden board, with four bent edges to serve as a tray), and take them through the back door and dump them into the river. And the old man also told how to avoid binbougami thereafter: Not to make any baked miso, which is preferred by binbougami, and never to eat any raw miso, which makes poverty too severe to light any fire to bake miso. The man did as he had been told, and poverty was never brought.

It is also said that hospitality of the inhabited people may turn binbougami into fukunokami. Ihara Saikaku's Nippon Eidaigura (日本永代蔵) includes the story (Inoru shirushi no kami no oshiki 祈る印の神の折敷 lit.oshiki as a praying sign) which tells about the man who deified a binbougami. At the night of Jinjitsu (January 7th in the Japanese former calendar), a binbougami appeard at the man's bedside and thanked him, "I had a prepared dinner with tray for the first time", and made the man millionaire in return. And it is also said that a poor hatamoto, who thought binbougami had brought him security as well as poverty, put sake and rice to pray binbougami for a litte bit of luck. And then, he got a little bit of luck. This binbougami is now enshrined in a small shrine beside Kitano Shrine, in Bunkyou ward, Tokyo. If you pray the small shrine to welcome binbougami temporarily, and send him away 21 days later, it is said, you can avoid binbougami thereafter.

・・・という感じでしょうか。

あはぁ~っ、お土産も充実してるんですね!(驚)
色々欲しいものがあるんですが。。。

binbougami06.jpg

・・・残念!お土産買える金がないっ!(←筋金入りのビンボーっすね・T-T)
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