Yokoso! Japan - 通訳ガイド的日本再発見

海外から日本に来る外国人観光客の方々に、通訳ガイドの視点から、日本の良さを伝えたい…日頃見慣れた風景もあらためて見れば新鮮に映る、そんな視点で日本を再発見し、通訳ガイドの方もすぐ活用できるように、英語で紹介します。

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ホイサムジャイ

Author:ホイサムジャイ
放浪癖あり(笑)。好きなTV番組は「モヤモヤさまぁ~ず」「ちい散歩」「タモリ倶楽部」「ぶらり途中下車の旅」などなど。。。良く言えば「自由人」、悪く言えば「鉄砲玉」(←出たら戻って来んのかい!)

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今日は東へ、明日は西~♪(←どんな歌じゃぃ!・笑)
え~、本日は「ハワイ」でございます。。。

・・・え?いえいえ、横浜の大桟橋で催されている、年に一度の「アロハ・ヨコハマ・フェスティバル」におじゃましているところでして。

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いや~しかし、暑い暑いっ(一_一;)
ハワイに行かずとも、思いっきり日焼けしそうなピーカン青空ですなぁ。

・・・やっと着きました^^

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おおぉぉっ!ステキな女性がお出迎えっ!(←別に自分だけが迎えられてるわけではないが)
どんなモノがあるんでしょうかね~。

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やっぱり、ありました!ウクレレっ!ハワイアンといえば、これですよね~(嬉)
他にもコナコーヒーやら、アロハ、ムームーに、ハワイアンジュエリーまで揃っていますね。

おぉーっ、火山もありましたっ!w(゜o゜)w

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さて、ココで問題。
ハワイの火山は、活火山、死火山、それとも休火山でしょうか?

・・・答えは、軒並み死火山。
ただし、「キラウェア火山」は活火山、しかもこの3月に思いっきり噴火しましたので、このオブジェなんでしょうね~^^

では本日は、この「活火山」「死火山」「休火山」について。

【Active Volcano】 (活火山)
A popular way of classifying magmatic volcanoes is by their frequency of eruption, with those that erupt regularly called active, those that have erupted in historical times but are now quiet called dormant, and those that have not erupted in historical times called extinct. However, these popular classifications—extinct in particular—are practically meaningless to scientists. They use classifications which refer to a particular volcano's formative and eruptive processes and resulting shapes, which was explained above.

There is no real consensus among volcanologists on how to define an "active" volcano. The lifespan of a volcano can vary from months to several million years, making such a distinction sometimes meaningless when compared to the lifespans of humans or even civilizations. For example, many of Earth's volcanoes have erupted dozens of times in the past few thousand years but are not currently showing signs of eruption. Given the long lifespan of such volcanoes, they are very active. By human lifespans, however, they are not.

Scientists usually consider a volcano to be erupting or likely to erupt if it is currently erupting, or showing signs of unrest such as unusual earthquake activity or significant new gas emissions. Most scientists consider a volcano active if it has erupted in holocene times. Historic times is another timeframe for active. But it is important to note that the span of recorded history differs from region to region. In China and the Mediterranean, recorded history reaches back more than 3,000 years but in the Pacific Northwest of the United States and Canada, it reaches back less than 300 years, and in Hawaii and New Zealand, only around 200 years. The Smithsonian Global Volcanism Program's definition of active is having erupted within the last 10,000 years (the 'holocene' period).

【Extinct Volcano】 (死火山)
Extinct volcanoes are those that scientists consider unlikely to erupt again, because the volcano no longer has a lava supply. Since "supervolcano" calderas can have eruptive lifespans sometimes measured in millions of years, a caldera that has not produced an eruption in tens of thousands of years is likely to be considered dormant instead of extinct. For example, the Yellowstone Caldera in Yellowstone National Park is at least 2 million years old and hasn't erupted violently for approximately 640,000 years, although there has been some minor activity relatively recently, with hydrothermal eruptions less than 10,000 years ago and lava flows about 70,000 years ago. For this reason, scientists do not consider the Yellowstone Caldera extinct. In fact, because the caldera has frequent earthquakes, a very active geothermal system (i.e. the entirety of the geothermal activity found in Yellowstone National Park), and rapid rates of ground uplift, many scientists consider it to be an active volcano.

【Dormant Volcano】 (休火山)
It is difficult to distinguish an extinct volcano from a dormant one. Volcanoes are often considered to be extinct if there are no written records of its activity. Nevertheless volcanoes may remain dormant for a long period of time, and it is not uncommon for a so-called "extinct" volcano to erupt again. Vesuvius was thought to be extinct before its famous eruption of AD 79, which destroyed the towns of Herculaneum and Pompeii. More recently, the long-dormant Soufriere Hills volcano on the island of Montserrat was thought to be extinct before activity resumed in 1995. Another recent example is Fourpeaked Mountain in Alaska, which prior to its eruption September 2006 had not erupted since before 8000 BCE and was long thought to be extinct.

・・・と、こんな感じでしょうか。

ちょっと小腹がすいたので、ハワイアン・キュイジーヌでも食していきましょうかね~。。。

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あ~ウマそうっすねっ!エビを殻ごとスパイシーに味付け炒めしたモンですね。
ふ~ん、地元の人は殻ごとバリバリ食べるんですか~。。。では私も殻ごといきましょう!

・・・え、硬くてダメなんじゃないかって?・・・大丈夫、私、歯はいい(ハワイ~)ですから(笑)
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