A Toushou-guu is any Shinto shrine in which Tokugawa Ieyasu is enshrined with the name Toushou Daigongen. Ieyasu was the founder of the Tokugawa shogunate (1603-1868), which is the third and last of the shogunal governments in Japanese history.
Toushou-guu shrines are found throughout Japan. The most famous Toushou-guu is located in Nikkou in Tochigi Prefecture. It is one of Japan's most popular destinations for tourists.
Ieyasu's son, the second shogun Hidetada, ordered the construction of the Nikkou Toushou-guu. Later, the third shogun Iemitsu had the shrine greatly enlarged and lavishly decorated.
Toushou-guu at Ueno Park in Tokyo is also widely known. Another, at Kunouzan in Shizuoka prefecture, rivals Nikkou's for decorative splendor. A Toushou-guu can also be found at Miyanochou, in Sendai.
During the Edo period, these shrines reached 500 in number. After the Meiji Restoration, many were abandoned, and others united with shrines in the area. Presently, there are about 130 Toushou-guu.